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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been stated that transsphenoidal surgery can be used in patients who develop dopaminergic agonist intolerance or resistance or side effects from a drug.
Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery in elderly patients with pituitary adenomas.
KEYWORDS: Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery, Pituitary Adenoma, Sellar Tumor.
Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery: experience with 50 patients.
She underwent transsphenoidal surgery in May 2007, and the histological examination confirmed microadenoma.
We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who were found to have Cushing disease and who underwent transnasal transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas between January 1, 2007, and July 1, 2014, at a tertiary academic medical center.
Pituitary adenoma tissues were obtained from the patients at the time of transsphenoidal surgery. Medical records of all the patients were thoroughly reviewed in terms of their sexes, ages at diagnosis, pathological diagnoses, tumor sizes, and dates of their last follow-ups.
Management strategies of intercavernous sinus bleeding during transsphenoidal surgery. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2009;151(7):803-8.
Inclusion criteria were: age >18 years; preoperative diagnosis of acromegaly, based on increased IGF-I and GH >0.4 ng/mL during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT); treatment by transsphenoidal surgery between September 2012 and January 9, 2015; diagnosis of remission or nonremission at 8 weeks after the surgical procedure; and IGF-I measurements by mass spectrometry before surgery and, at a minimum, on postoperative days 2 or 3 or both.
Like last time, surgeons will remove it through John's nose - transsphenoidal surgery - as well as drilling through the bottom of his skull, carefully avoiding his main arteries and spinal cord.
Complications of transsphenoidal surgery: results of a national survey, review of the literature, and personal experience.