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A person, who through a regular program of study, is learned in legal matters and has been licensed to practice his or her profession. Any qualified person who prosecutes or defends causes in courts of record or other judicial tribunals of the United States, or of any of the states, or who renders legal advice or assistance in relation to any cause or matter. Unless a contrary meaning is plainly indicated this term is synonymous with attorney, attorney at law, or counselor at law.

Each of the 50 states employs admissions committees or boards to review the backgrounds of prospective attorneys before they are admitted to practice. Each state also has adopted codes of conduct or disciplinary rules and has appointed adjudicative boards to address Attorney Misconduct. But these measures only weed out or discipline those who have violated laws or those who are otherwise unfit to practice law. They have done little to address the day-to-day civility and conduct of attorneys in their practice. In that regard, the behavior and conduct of peers and colleagues within the profession often impose more palpable influences on newly practicing attorneys than any standards or codes of ethics that they may have learned in law school.

A focus of a new movement in several states is not only to crack down on professional misconduct per se, but also to stem borderline conduct before it becomes an ethical violation. U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice william rehnquist, addressing new graduates from the University of Virginia School of Law in June 2001, remarked that incivility remained one of the greatest threats to the ideals of American justice and to the public's trust in the law. The conduct of former president bill clinton was considered to have seriously contributed to the harming of public confidence and trust in the legal profession because of his subjective approach to answering questions under oath and other improprieties associated with the legal aspects of his administration.

The American Bar Association (ABA) and lawyers' groups in more than a dozen states have joined in the movement to improve not only civility and courtesy among lawyers, but also the public's perception of the profession. Ultimately, the goal of these efforts is to ensure that attorneys have an unequivocal, current, and realistic standard of conduct and ethics to rely upon as a valid guide for their profession.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

LAWYER. A counselor; one learned in the law. Vide attorney.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
By linking rising health-care costs to frivolous medical lawsuits, Republicans can use doctors as a cudgel against trial lawyers, the Democratic Party's second-largest funding base and one which could be paralyzed by lawsuit caps.
AAJ asked pollster Geoff Garin of Hart Research to conduct a post-election poll to explore the impact that these attacks had on the electorate and to determine how voters responded to Braley's background as a trial lawyer. The findings were telling.
By designing custom visual explanations, a trial lawyer can help each witness through this difficult process and can be confident that each witness is prepared to testify.
To secure these benefits, companies often retain trial lawyers or other professionals to act as consultants.
Rather, Papagapiou noted, the defendants' trial lawyers had not wanted this data to be submitted as evidence as they feared it might expose the communications between the defendants prior to the murder.
Most trial lawyers bring second-chair lawyers to court with them, but many don't let them do anything in front of the jury.
They are still contributing to those campaigns, still railing against the trial lawyers and still fighting for their cause.
Often this is to observe the trial lawyer to see if this is someone they want to use again in the future.
This outreach effort ensures that every law school in the nation has at least one trial lawyer representative to interact with students and spread the word about civil trial practice and AAJ.
Warrant (what gives you license to draw an inference from your grounds): Since effective argumentation is a criterion for being a good trial lawyer.
Bartley would explain the problem something like this: Earlier this summer, CJR opened its pages to Trudy Lieberman, a senior investigative editor at Consumer Reports and a CJR contributing editor, to attack Bartley's professional ethics while defending one of his prime targets: America's trial lawyers. Lieberman identified her employer in the article, but she did not alert readers to her employer's financial relationship with the trial lawyer industry.
This year, we made major changes to the exam in terms of format and grading designed to make it more reflective of the skills a practicing trial lawyer relies upon.