Labor

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LABOR. Continued operation; work.
     2. The labor and skill of one man is frequently used in a partnership, and valued as equal to the capital of another.
     3. When business has been done for another, and suit is brought to recover a just reward, there is generally contained in the declaration, a count for work and labor.
     4. Where penitentiaries exist, persons who have committed crimes are condemned to be imprisoned therein at labor.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Increased success of trial of labor after previous vaginal birth after cesarean.
Leveno et al., "Maternal and perinatal outcomes as sociated with a trial of labor after prior cesarean delivery," The New England Journal of Medicine, vol.
Both the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada state that women with 1 previous low-transverse cesarean section should be offered a trial of labor after appropriate counseling of the risks and benefits.
Uterine rupture during trial of labor after previous cesarean section.
Oxytocin dose and the risk of uterine rupture in trial of labor after cesarean.
Specific outcomes of interest regarding trial of labor after c/section are successful VBAC, uterine rupture, hysterectomy, maternal mortality and neonatal outcomes.
A 4-year observational study of 45,988 pregnant women with a prior cesarean section who underwent either a trial of labor or elective C-section answered an important question about the risks of inducing labor with Pitocin (synthetic oxytocin) that had been left hanging by previous studies of vaginal births after cesarean section.
How risky is a trial of labor after cesarean delivery for uterine rupture and other patient-oriented outcomes?
The authors report that the risk of uterine rupture for women who chose a trial of labor (who planned a VBAC with spontaneous onset of labor is 5.2 per 1000 (0.5 percent) (3).
Our obstetricians feel the safest way to reduce the c-section rate is to have a "trial of labor" for vaginal delivery on women who have had a prior c-section, unless there is some underlying medical condition that would preclude vaginal delivery.
For example, VBAC rates substantially reflect the number of women offered trial of labor, which has been increasingly encouraged since 1982 (7).