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A general term for a court, or the seat of a judge.

In Roman Law, the term applied to an elevated seat occupied by the chief judicial magistrate when he heard causes.


n. any court, judicial body, or board which has quasi-judicial functions (such as a public utilities board which sets rates or a planning commission which can allow variances from zoning regulations).


noun bench, chancery, court, court of jussice, court of law, forum, iudicium, judges, judgment seat, judiciary, law court, panel of judges
Associated concepts: administrative tribunal, appellate tribuual, fair tribunal, inferior tribunal, tribunal of limited jurisdiction
See also: assembly, bar, bench, board, body, chamber, council, court, forum, judicatory, judicature, judiciary, jury


a body convened to hear a dispute. While a court is a kind of tribunal, the word is often used for something which is not a court. In the constitutional law of the UK, an alternative forum for the resolution of disputes instead of the ordinary courts. They are mostly miscellaneous and are set up by statutes for various purposes. They quite often have entirely different rules of evidence and procedure from ordinary courts. They are generally supposed to be more flexible, more expert and speedier than the normal courts. They operate in many fields, including taxation, immigration, and landlord and tenant cases. The lives of many are affected by social security tribunals and the EMPLOYMENT TRIBUNALS appear to have been so much of a success that they are busy, respected and are given new jurisdictions from time to time. Some form of appeal usually lies from a tribunal, at least on law, to the ordinary courts, and there is a supervisory jurisdiction in the COUNCIL ON TRIBUNALS.

In the international sphere where the legal foundations are less solid, the German and Japanese war criminals were tried by an International Military Tribunal. At the time of writing the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia is still sitting. It was established under the Charter of the United Nations. See also WAITANGI TRIBUNAL.

TRIBUNAL. The seat of a judge; the place where he administers justice; but by this term is more usually understood the whole body of judges who compose a jurisdiction sometimes it is taken for the jurisdiction which they exercise.
     2. This term is Latin, and derives its origin from the elevated seat where the tribunes administered justice.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Special Tribunal for Lebanon was established by the Security Council resolution and officially opened on March 1, 2009.
1st to 6 at Service Tribunal Circuit Office Mirpur.
In memoranda, activist Okiya Omtatah said the changes on how the NET tribunal should be composed and headed will lead to a creation of a tribunal which is not independent and impartial.
Official sources in the CS Office told this reporter that the PST chairman moved a letter to the CS demanding that the top administrative office implement the tribunal judgement regarding grant of judicial allowance to employees working in the court and withdraw the appeal in the apex court.
Chairman of the tribunal Justice(R)Asghar Haider presided over the hearing, while its members Lt.
According to the PCB, evidences presented to the tribunal by the anti-corruption unit includes, amongst other material, witness statements, recorded interviews, and copies of certain WhatsApp voice messages.
After the arbitral tribunal issued its 'award,' dated July 12, 2016, upholding most of the Philippine 'submissions' and trashing China's 'nine-dash line,' China became even more hostile, periodically flexing its naval muscle in the SCS.
Formed in April 2004, the Krishna-II tribunal has not been able to make public its findings as the Supreme Court directed the Centre not to notify its report of June 2006 till further orders.
Adel Ben Hammouda, conseiller au tribunal administratif, charge des fonctions de commissaire d'Etat general
But not to such application efore Insurance Tribunal Insurance Ordinance, 2001 had not specifically restricted entertainment of such claim, which might have become due after its promulgation - - - Constitution of Insurance Tribunal under Insurance Ordinance, 2001 vide Notification dated 20-6-2006 was an intimation to policy holders to seek enforcement of their claims from said Tribunal Limitation for moving the Insurance Tribunal for enforcement of such claim would commence from the date when same was constituted for first time on 20-6-2006"Such application was within time in circumstances.
This column examines the origins of the independent tax tribunal, surveys recent developments in this area, and assesses whether more states are likely to follow this trend.
July 29 was a red letter day for employment lawyers, marking the biggest overhaul of the employment tribunal system in a generation.

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