Land, "Chlamydia antibody testing for tubal factor
subfertility," Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, vol.
In our series, tubal factor
was found to be associated in 39 (92.9%) patients at the time of laparoscopy.
Patients with tubal factors
(TFs) constituted 9.39% of all cases, about half of them had only a TF, with a PR of 14% (the second highest PR group in our study, p = 0.286).
Patients with tubal factor
infertility are at significantly increased risk of EP.
(3) The common factors responsible for infertility in females are anovulatory disorder, tubal factors
, endometriosis, uterine and cervical factors.
trachomatis is one of the leading global causes of tubal factor
infertility (4), and leading causes of female factor infertility.
OBJECTIVE: To find out whether hydrosonosalpingography, which is a less invasive method, can be used for assessment of tubal factor
in cases of primary and secondary infertility initially instead of the invasive methods like hysterosalpingography and diagnostic laparoscopy chromopertubation.
Analysis of tubal factor
in 386 cases of Infertility.
Asymptomatic PID as well as PID with atypical signs and symptoms are common conditions that have been linked by mounting evidence to fallopian tube damage as manifest by tubal factor
infertility and ectopic pregnancy.
The incidence is reported to be 3.5% in the primary group and 18.9% for secondary infertility.1 The incidence of infertility differs widely between countries, gender and cultures because of issues such as accessibility of specific care, cost of care and cultural myths.2 It is found to be higher in males when compared to females in Scandinavian countries.3 There is evidence to show that intra-uterine anomalies are far more common among infertile women when compared to those with dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB).4 Tubal factors
have been shown to be responsible for sub-fertility in at least one-third of cases.
Fallopian tubal factors
are the commonest cause of female infertility.
The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for uterine factors was 83.33% ,100%, 100% and 96.84%, respectively, for tubal factors
93.55%, 94.68%, 85.29% and 96.83%, respectively and for peritoneal factors 62.5%, 92%, 71.43% and 88.46%, respectively.