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TURNPIKE. A public road paved with stones or other hard substance.
     2. Turnpike roads are usually made by corporations to which a power to make them has been granted. The grant of such power passes not only an easement for the road itself, but also so much land as is connected with it; as, for instance, for a toll house and a cellar under it, and a well for the use of the family. 9 Pick. R. 109. A turnpike is a public highway, and a building erected before the turnpike was made, though upon a part out of the travelled path, if continued there is a nuisance. 16 Pick. R. 175. Vide Road; Street; Way.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Milestones were compulsory on all turnpike roads from 1766.
This book is concerned with the provision of public road transport services in England between the mid-seventeenth century, when a stagecoach network was established, and the mid-eighteenth century, when turnpike roads came to exert a significant impact.
Here he explores the transport of goods and people on English roads from the 1650s, when the stage-coach network came into existence, to the 1750s and 1760s, when turnpike roads began to affect road services significantly.