Infidel

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INFIDEL, persons, evidence. One who does not believe in the existence of a God, who will reward or punish in this world or that which is to come. Willes' R. 550. This term has been very indefinitely applied. Under the name of infidel, Lord Coke comprises Jews and heathens; 2 Inst 506; 3 Inst. 165; and Hawkins includes among infidels, such as do not believe either in the Old or New Testament. Hawk. P. C. b 2, c. 46, s. 148.
     2. It is now settled that when the witness believes in a God who will reward or punish him even in this world he is competent. See willes, R. 550. His belief may be proved from his previous declarations and avowed opinions; and when he has avowed himself to be an infidel, he may show a reform of his conduct, and change of his opinion since the declarations proved when the declarations have been made for a very considerable space of time, slight proof will suffice to show he has changed his opinion. There is some conflict in the cases on this subject, some of them are here referred to: 18 John. R. 98; 1 Harper, R. 62; 4 N. Hamp. R. 444; 4 Day's Cas. 51; 2 Cowen, R. 431, 433 n., 572; 7 Conn. R. 66; 2 Tenn. R. 96; 4 Law Report, 268; Alis. Pr. Cr. Law, 438; 5 Mason, 16; 15 mass. 184; 1 Wright, 345; So. Car. Law Journ. 202. Vide Atheist; Future state.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the believer needs to meet the unbeliever residing with it.
The quote Bradley used from John 20, where Jesus emphasizes the signs he performed to lead skeptics to accept his words, can be expanded further by checking on a few more scriptural references that address the question of which comes first, faith in God followed by confirmation of his existence using arguments such as the fine-tuned universe, or using arguments from design in nature, to whet the interest of an unbeliever for considering faith in God.
This practice allows a Muslim to declare that a fellow Muslim is in fact an unbeliever. This practice has a long history, but Daesh is using it in a new and radical way.
How can a believer be a partner with an unbeliever?" (2 Corinthians 6:14-15).
Only between Muslims and unbelievers. And the life of an unbeliever has no value."
Phillips analyzes four thinkers, who were all popular moralists in mid-twentieth-century Britain: secular humanist Julian Huxley (1887-1975); unbeliever Bertrand Russell, (1872-1970); Catholic convert Malcom Muggeridge, (1903-90); and Catholic Barbara Ward, (1914-81).
It is the expression of this belief that differentiates a true Muslim from an unbeliever, or one who associates others with God in His Divinity.
The typical unknowing unbeliever, a third of adult Catholics, is more likely to be a white, Vatican n or post-Vatican n Catholic who lives in the Northeast and votes Democrat or independent (but not Republican).
an unbeliever, another old crank in the long history
He supports the fact that questioning applies to the believer as well as to the unbeliever. We do need to listen and open the lines of communication with those who question our beliefs and agree that there is truth on both sides.
are free to practice their religion in a Sharia regime, but are made subject to a number of humiliating regulations designed to enforce the Koran's command that they 'feel themselves subdued' (Sura 9:29)." Although they are not required to wear distinctive dress as in previous times, non-Muslim grocers are required to post their religious affiliation on the front of their shops lest some unwary Muslim stumble into a shop run by an unbeliever. Jews are viewed with suspicion largely because of a perceived association with the state of Israel, and the government strongly discourages the distribution of Hebrew texts.
These excerpts support the report conclusion that the Saudi public school religious curriculum continues to propagate an ideology of hate toward the "unbeliever," (Christians, Jews, Shiites, Sufis, Sunni Muslims who do not follow Wahhabi doctrine, Hindus, atheists and others), and that this ideology is introduced in a religion textbook in the first grade and reinforced and developed throughout the public education system.