Finally, non-naturalists might object that this approach to valuation simply leaves out the non-natural, it does not establish that there are no non-natural valuational
(216) With these valuational
parameters in mind, assume now that the law changes the liability regime.
If, however, MV sits atop of our agent's valuational
hierarchy, then it would be irrational to frustrate this higher value in order to avoid the aforementioned lesser costs.
That is the basis on which they argue for a differential valuational
of the people that do the work; they are doing useful work, they should have dignity.
Officials straddle multiple valuational
worlds: serving a subset of the
I mention this here because such a view is in a certain sense simply a consequent extension of Audi's substantive foundationalism about practical reason: an extension in which "moral" qualities such as kindness and respect are just as fundamental as the qualities involved in Audi's eudaemonisuc, hedonic, and valuational
That Emerson could harbor such opposing values testifies, once again, to the deeply rooted intellectual, psychological, and valuational
polarities that pervade his complex and enigmatic nature.
This modified model employs the same six phases and identifies four classes of "factors or forces" that make up the policy dynamic: biophysical (physical properties of the resource), valuational
(human values about the resource), social-structural (property rights and access to the resource), and institutional-regulatory (organizations and their directives).
But Mill rejected this valuational
1eveling, insisting that pleasures differ in quality as well as quantity: Activities that engage individuals' higher faculties are infinitely preferable to mere bodily enjoyments.
Therefore, for Simon, in order to achieve `correct' decision making for the effective design of administrative organisations, it was very important to make a distinction between the factual and the valuational
aspects of decision making.
Mario Bunge has identified seven desiderata that should be considered before a judgment is deemed rational: (1) conceptual clarity; (2) logical consistency; (3) ontological realism; (4) epistemological reflection; (5) methodological rigor; (6) practicality; and (7) valuational
Taking a more general look at the problem, and stressing one aspect of it, Sharabi views the intellectual crisis of the younger Arab generation in terms of three main phenomena -- psychological uprootedness, loss of moral and religious certainties, and what he calls "valuational
drift." Uprootedness, Sharabi asserts, does not affect Arabs who are found in all large cities from Beirut to Tangiers and to whom cultural and psychological uprootedness is a normal state of being.