vandalism


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Vandalism

The intentional and malicious destruction of or damage to the property of another.

The intentional destruction of property is popularly referred to as vandalism. It includes behavior such as breaking windows, slashing tires, spray painting a wall with graffiti, and destroying a computer system through the use of a computer virus. Vandalism is a malicious act and may reflect personal ill will, although the perpetrators need not know their victim to commit vandalism. The recklessness of the act imputes both intent and malice.

Because the destruction of public and private property poses a threat to society, modern statutes make vandalism a crime. The penalties upon conviction may be a fine, a jail sentence, an order to pay for repairs or replacement, or all three. In addition, a person who commits vandalism may be sued in a civil tort action for damages so that the damaged property can be repaired or replaced.

Vandalism is a general term that may not actually appear in criminal statutes. Frequently, these statutes employ the terms criminal mischief, malicious mischief, or malicious trespass as opposed to vandalism. A group of individuals can be convicted of conspiring or acting concertedly to commit vandalism. Generally, the attempt to commit vandalism is an offense as well, but the penalties for attempted vandalism are not as severe as the penalties for a completed act. Penalties also depend on the value of the property destroyed or the cost of repairing it.

To obtain a conviction the prosecution must ordinarily prove that the accused damaged or destroyed some property, that the property did not belong to the accused, and that the accused acted willfully and with malice. In the absence of proof of damage, the defendant may be guilty of Trespass, but not vandalism. If there is no proof that the defendant intentionally damaged the property, the defendant cannot be convicted of the crime but can be held liable for monetary damages in a civil action.

Some state statutes impose more stringent penalties for the destruction of certain types of property. Such statutes might cover the desecration of a church or synagogue, the destruction of jail or prison property by inmates, and the intentional destruction of property belonging to a public utility.

Destructive acts will not be excused merely because the defendants acted out of what they thought was a noble purpose. Political demonstrators may exercise their First Amendment rights of Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Association and Assembly, but if they deface, for example, government property with spray-painted slogans, they can be convicted of vandalism.

The peak period for committing relatively minor property crimes is between the ages of fifteen and twenty-one. In the United States adolescent vandalism, including the wanton destruction of schools, causes millions of dollars of damage each year. Apprehending vandals is often difficult, and the costs of repairing the damage are passed on to taxpayers, private property owners, and insurance companies. Some states hold parents financially responsible for vandalism committed by their minor children, up to specified limits. These statutes are designed to encourage parental supervision and to shift part of the cost of vandalism from the public to the individuals who are best able to supervise the children who destroyed the property.

Cross-references

Juvenile Law.

vandalism

destruction of, or damage to, property, usually but not necessarily maliciously. Scots law has a statutory offence that criminalizes this behaviour.
References in periodicals archive ?
A spokeswoman said there are no plans to close accounts and ask people to re-register as a result of vandalism.
McKeague, said youths who throw rocks through windows, gang members who spray-paint train cars and teenagers who toilet-paper teachers' houses commit vandalism.
Meanwhile, the previous year saw PS151,886.81 paid out and 717 incidents, for 2015-16 it was PS161,364.07 and 704 vandalism incidents.
017 or Marikina City's Ordinance Prohibiting Vandalism will be slapped with P3,000 fine and 40 hours of community service.
"We attended the site with West Midlands Police to investigate and mostly found flowers and flower pots to be out of place but, thankfully, very little vandalism.
Meanwhile,Coventry Railway Stationexperienced at least 23 delayed trains because of six occasions of vandalism or theft which equalled one hour in total.
There has been a call for more investigations in the anti-Christian acts in France by legislators as the acts of vandalism have been downplayed by church officials.
There were 67 delays there due to involved vandalism or theft (including the placing of objects on the line), which equalled to more than five hours worth of delays across all trains.
Bulgaria is the worstThe safest EU country is Croatia, where only 3 percent of its citizens reported a crime, violence or vandalism in their area in 2017, while Poland placed second with 5.4 percent.
'Vandalism and challenging writ of the state aren't part of our manifesto.
Vandalism has occurred during demonstrations for years.
Police have confirmed reports of vandalism at the theatre, on The Avenue in Linthorpe,Middlesbrough.