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The intentional and malicious destruction of or damage to the property of another.

The intentional destruction of property is popularly referred to as vandalism. It includes behavior such as breaking windows, slashing tires, spray painting a wall with graffiti, and destroying a computer system through the use of a computer virus. Vandalism is a malicious act and may reflect personal ill will, although the perpetrators need not know their victim to commit vandalism. The recklessness of the act imputes both intent and malice.

Because the destruction of public and private property poses a threat to society, modern statutes make vandalism a crime. The penalties upon conviction may be a fine, a jail sentence, an order to pay for repairs or replacement, or all three. In addition, a person who commits vandalism may be sued in a civil tort action for damages so that the damaged property can be repaired or replaced.

Vandalism is a general term that may not actually appear in criminal statutes. Frequently, these statutes employ the terms criminal mischief, malicious mischief, or malicious trespass as opposed to vandalism. A group of individuals can be convicted of conspiring or acting concertedly to commit vandalism. Generally, the attempt to commit vandalism is an offense as well, but the penalties for attempted vandalism are not as severe as the penalties for a completed act. Penalties also depend on the value of the property destroyed or the cost of repairing it.

To obtain a conviction the prosecution must ordinarily prove that the accused damaged or destroyed some property, that the property did not belong to the accused, and that the accused acted willfully and with malice. In the absence of proof of damage, the defendant may be guilty of Trespass, but not vandalism. If there is no proof that the defendant intentionally damaged the property, the defendant cannot be convicted of the crime but can be held liable for monetary damages in a civil action.

Some state statutes impose more stringent penalties for the destruction of certain types of property. Such statutes might cover the desecration of a church or synagogue, the destruction of jail or prison property by inmates, and the intentional destruction of property belonging to a public utility.

Destructive acts will not be excused merely because the defendants acted out of what they thought was a noble purpose. Political demonstrators may exercise their First Amendment rights of Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Association and Assembly, but if they deface, for example, government property with spray-painted slogans, they can be convicted of vandalism.

The peak period for committing relatively minor property crimes is between the ages of fifteen and twenty-one. In the United States adolescent vandalism, including the wanton destruction of schools, causes millions of dollars of damage each year. Apprehending vandals is often difficult, and the costs of repairing the damage are passed on to taxpayers, private property owners, and insurance companies. Some states hold parents financially responsible for vandalism committed by their minor children, up to specified limits. These statutes are designed to encourage parental supervision and to shift part of the cost of vandalism from the public to the individuals who are best able to supervise the children who destroyed the property.


Juvenile Law.


destruction of, or damage to, property, usually but not necessarily maliciously. Scots law has a statutory offence that criminalizes this behaviour.
References in periodicals archive ?
Utuaro, who read the communique of the two-day conference, with the theme 'Sustaining Peace Building Potentials and Surveillance of Oil and Gas Assets through Community Engagement, noted that over 800, 000 barrels of crude oil was daily lost to vandalism.
The vandalism prompted a visit from Vice President Mike Pence, who (http://fox2now.
These new laws support local councils, business and home owners who deal with the grind of cleaning up graffiti vandalism," she said.
She noted that the policy's personal property coverage listed "fire" and "vandalism and malicious mischief" as separate covered perils, which suggests that fire is not the same as vandalism or malicious mischief.
Jen Bills informed the team early Sunday that the vandal had been caught in acts of vandalism on video, which is now being analyzed by police.
GRC has been active in its advocacy and providing assistance and guidance to cities faced with graffiti vandalism.
With urbanization and social demographic in mind, Malaysia has become an urban community which has led to crime such as vandalism.
This civic vandalism includes depriving Llanrumney of a park that the council first appropriated for recreational purposes under the Physical Training and Recreation Act 1937.
Police accused Michael Derek Lobo and Juan Carlos Gonzalez-Vaca, both 17, of the June 26 vandalism of the Islamic School of Miami.
Vehicle vandalism now accounts for 17 per cent of crime overall.
The total vandalism bill in 2007 is estimated at pounds 659 million - a rise of more than pounds 100 million on the 2006 figure.
The DVD aims to raise awareness of vandalism in the local area, tells people what to do if they see it taking place and sends a clear message to those who commit the offences that it will not be tolerated.