Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The global Hemodialysis Vascular Grafts Market size is expected to reach USD 276.5 million by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc., progressing at a CAGR of 4.1% during the forecast period.
Caption: Figure 1: An illustration of aortoiliac reconstruction using polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft.
Caption: Figure 7 Gore-Tex[R] Stretch Vascular Graft
One of the promising methods to produce polymer vascular grafts is electrospinning.
Guan et al., "Development of a tissueengineered vascular graft combining a biodegradable scaffold, muscle-derived stem cells and a rotational vacuum seeding technique," Biomaterials, vol.
Nitecki, "Prosthetic vascular graft infection: the role of 18F-FDG PET/CT," Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol.
Mugnai et al., "Long term performance of polycaprolactone vascular grafts in a rat abdominal aorta replacement model," Biomaterials, vol.
Complications and morbidity associated with vascular graft occlusions continue to be a major clinical problem.
Measurements were made of preoperative patient demographic data, intraoperative anesthetic management, and intra- and postoperative clinical outcomes including major organ system morbidity and vascular graft function.
The stent is attached to a vascular graft, which is similar to the graft material used for conventional surgery.
In addition, we have developed the MyoLink, a peripheral vascular graft which is presently in clinical trials.

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