return

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Return

To bring, carry, or send back; to restore, redeliver, or replace in the custody of someone. Merchandise brought back to a seller for credit or a refund. The profit made on a sale; the income from an investment. A schedule of information required by some governmental agencies, such as the tax return that must be submitted to the Internal Revenue Service.

The official report made by a court, body of magistrates, or other official board charged with counting votes cast in an election. The redelivery of a writ, notice, or other form of legal process to the court after its proper service on the defendant or after it cannot be served.

For example, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require a plaintiff to begin an action in federal court by preparing a complaint and giving it to the court. Then the clerk of the court issues a summons and delivers the summons and complaint to a U.S. marshal or a deputy, unless the court designates someone else. That person must take the papers, called legal process, and serve them on the named defendant. The process server must promptly report back to the court the circumstances of the service or the failure to serve the papers.

This report with the process server's signature on it is called the return of service. It recites facts to demonstrate that the defendant has actually been given notice that she is required to appear in court. The failure to make a proper return does not make the service invalid or defeat its effectiveness for starting the lawsuit, but it can be grounds for disciplining the process server. The return is important to the court because it is proof that service was properly made on the correct person and that the action has been legally commenced.

Cross-references

Service of Process.

return

(Go back), verb backslide, come again, come back, double back, reappear, rebound, recidivate, redire, reenter, reestablish, relapse, resume, retrace one's steps, retreat, retrograde, reverse direction, revert, reverti, revisit

return

(Refund), verb compensate, give back, make compensation, make good, make reparation, make restitution, pay back, reddere, reimburse, repay, satisfy, settle

return

(Respond), verb acknowledge, answer, answer back, counter, countercharge, exchange, field questions, give an answer, interchange, make a rebuttal, make a reeoinder, make acknowledgment, react, rebut, reciprocate, recriminate, rejoin, reply, respondere, retaliate, retort, say in reply, surrebut, surrejoin
See also: annuity, answer, bear, benefit, betterment, canvass, commission, compensate, compensation, consideration, continuation, continue, contribute, contribution, discharge, dividend, escheat, fee, indemnification, indemnify, indemnity, output, pay, payment, perquisite, poll, proceed, profit, quit, reaction, rebate, reciprocate, reciprocity, recommit, recompense, reconversion, recoup, recovery, recrudescence, recur, redemption, refund, regress, rehabilitation, reimburse, reinstate, relapse, remand, remunerate, remuneration, rendition, renewal, rent, reparation, repay, repeat, reply, reprisal, requital, response, restitution, resumption, retaliate, retort, retribution, revenue, reversion, revert, revival, reward, salvage, satisfaction, surrender, trover, yield

RETURN, contracts, remedies. Persons who are beyond the sea are exempted from the operation of the statute of limitations of Pennsylvania, and of other states, till after a certain time has elapsed after their returning. As to what shall be considered a return, see 14 Mass. 203; 1 Gall. 342; 3 Johns. 263; 3 Wils. 145; 2 Bl. Rep. 723; 3 Littell's Rep. 48; 1 Harr. & Johns. 89, 350; 17 Mass. 180.

References in periodicals archive ?
The depressing results seen with use of the atriocaval shunt led to the development of balloon shunts as a possible means of isolating the liver while preserving venous return.
In patients with heterotaxy (with polysplenia), there is a high incidence of congenital cardiac disease (3) and particularly atrial septal defects, atrio-ventricular canal defects or abnormal pulmonary venous return.
In addition to hypovolaemia and maldistribution of blood, the mechanisms of shock in anaphylaxis are postulated to include cardiac dysfunction from poor venous return as well as the direct effects of anaphylactic mediators on the myocardium causing depressed contractility (1,9).
Serena suffered from a condition called total anomalous pulmonary venous return, in which the veins connecting her lungs to her heart were attached to the wrong side of the heart.
A weak response suggests partial thrombosis or complete occlusion with venous return via collaterals.
Compression of the abdominal aorta by the pregnant uterus reduces uterine artery pressure below brachial artery pressure and compression of the vena cava not only reduces venous return - thereby reducing cardiac output but also increases uterine venous pressure.
The most frequent concomitant congenital anomaly is bicuspid aorta and the others are aortic aneurysms, double aortic arc, persistent left superior vena cava, pulmonary venous return anomalies and ventricular septal defect (1).
3) Stenosis of the outflow may beneficially reduce cardiac venous return, preventing congestive cardiac failure.
However, unlike IABP, Enhanced External Counterpulsation increases venous return.
Inclining the patient (raising the head) 15[degrees] to 25[degrees] off the horizontal plane facilitates pooling of blood in the dependent regions of the body, thus reducing venous return to the heart and the cardiac preload.
No left-to-right shunt was detected; specifically, there was no evidence of an atrial septal defect or of an anomalous pulmonary venous return to explain the right-sided chamber enlargement.