Return

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Return

To bring, carry, or send back; to restore, redeliver, or replace in the custody of someone. Merchandise brought back to a seller for credit or a refund. The profit made on a sale; the income from an investment. A schedule of information required by some governmental agencies, such as the tax return that must be submitted to the Internal Revenue Service.

The official report made by a court, body of magistrates, or other official board charged with counting votes cast in an election. The redelivery of a writ, notice, or other form of legal process to the court after its proper service on the defendant or after it cannot be served.

For example, the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require a plaintiff to begin an action in federal court by preparing a complaint and giving it to the court. Then the clerk of the court issues a summons and delivers the summons and complaint to a U.S. marshal or a deputy, unless the court designates someone else. That person must take the papers, called legal process, and serve them on the named defendant. The process server must promptly report back to the court the circumstances of the service or the failure to serve the papers.

This report with the process server's signature on it is called the return of service. It recites facts to demonstrate that the defendant has actually been given notice that she is required to appear in court. The failure to make a proper return does not make the service invalid or defeat its effectiveness for starting the lawsuit, but it can be grounds for disciplining the process server. The return is important to the court because it is proof that service was properly made on the correct person and that the action has been legally commenced.

Cross-references

Service of Process.

RETURN, contracts, remedies. Persons who are beyond the sea are exempted from the operation of the statute of limitations of Pennsylvania, and of other states, till after a certain time has elapsed after their returning. As to what shall be considered a return, see 14 Mass. 203; 1 Gall. 342; 3 Johns. 263; 3 Wils. 145; 2 Bl. Rep. 723; 3 Littell's Rep. 48; 1 Harr. & Johns. 89, 350; 17 Mass. 180.

References in periodicals archive ?
The left lateral decubitus position is routinely used as a hypotensive resuscitation strategy to relieve compression of the IVC and increase venous return in pregnant women.[18] The same method can be used in patients with compression of the IVC caused by other conditions, such as hepatic or renal cysts, retroperitoneal tumors, or intra-abdominal malignancy.
As a result, more blood is returned to the heart producing a larger venous return. Once again an increase in venous return brings about a larger EDV, contractility of the left ventricle, and, therefore, an increased SV.
Indeed, calf muscle pump is known to increase blood velocity and therefore venous return (2).
Using the LiDCO™ plus and the Navigator™ technique, CO was found to correlate with the pressure gradient of venous return (dVR).[sup][9] According to the law of Guyton, (venous return) Q = dVR/(venous return resistance) Rv; Q is venous return, which is equal to CO; dVR is the pressure gradient of venous return, which is equal to mean systemic filling pressure minus CVP; Rv is venous return resistance, but which cannot be directly measured.
Brawley, "Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return with intact atrial septum: Report of four cases," Thorax, vol.
However, we need of a wider cohort of patients in order to assess the effectiveness of this technique in categorizing abnormal cerebral venous return in relationship with the cardiac circle.
Klinger, "Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return presenting with adult-onset pulmonary hypertension," Pulmonary Circulation, vol.
In well-grown fetuses, the MCA PSV increase is related to the haemoglobin but not the partial pressure of oxygen (p[O.sub.2]), suggesting that this reflects decreased blood viscosity and increased venous return rather than an active fetal compensatory mechanism by p[O.sub.2]-related chemoreceptor stimulation (to increase cardiac contractility and cause vasodilatation).
The first case was reported in 1836 by a Doctor Cooper, who gave it its name because of the image as shown on a chest X-ray: long and curved on the right edge of the heart, which corresponds to the anomalous venous return from the right lung in the right atrium or vena cava, similar in shape to the scimitar blade that originated in Persia (2,5,6), see Fig.
These contractions facilitate muscle cell respiration, that is, they facilitate the deep exchange of oxygenated blood and venous return in a systematic and potent way.
The remaining 20-40% of venous return flows normally through the native pulmonary circulation.
Scimitar syndrome is a partial anomalous venous return of the pulmonary vein to the inferior vena cava (IVC) rather than directly to the left atrium.