Justice Kehoe had the second most vindications in criminal cases with three vindications.
(50) Meanwhile, Justice Green's two vindications were based on prodefendant rationales which both dealt with jury issues; one rationale grounded in juror bias, (51) and the other grounded in the charges read to the jury.
Notably, 2000 and 2001 have been the only two years where no civil vindications were handed down; since then, there has been at least one civil vindication handed down by the Court of Appeals.
Once again, the Fourth Department vindications were most often granted when finding in favor of the defendant: fourteen of the twenty-one civil vindications were pro-defendant rationales.
Because the Vindication is frequently the piece to represent Wollstonecraft in anthologies, some readers might be surprised by the variety of Wollstonecraft's writing.
Written before the Vindication of the Rights of Woman, the reviews express the same concerns found in the Vindication that novels are an important socializing force and that bad novels--i.e., novels that endorse cultural values and behavior damaging to women--are potentially corrupting to their readers.
The middle stage, corresponding to Wollstonecraft's years in London, includes a feminism based on collective rather than on strictly personal experience in A Vindication of the Rights of Men and the uniting of the private and public--especially as it relates to the home and the state--in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
While acknowledging that the Vindication of the Rights of Woman is likely to remain Wollstonecraft's most famous work, Lorch considers The Wrongs of Woman, or Maria, "the most sophisticated presentation of [Mary Wollstonecraft's] feminist thought" (2).
Of those justices with very high vindication rates, many are, not surprisingly, the same who have previously been identified as having high Court of Appeals agreement rates.
In addition to Presiding Justice Prudenti of the Second Department, two other Presiding Justices had high vindication rates.
Again, not surprisingly, some of the justices with the lowest vindication rates were among those with the lowest agreement rates (i.e., highest rejection rates).
Finally, among the Presiding Justices of the four departments, only Presiding Justice John Buckley of the First Department had a particularly low vindication rate--equaling 27%.