The following variables were significantly and directly associated with the rate of falls: history of hypertension, use of antihypertensives, contact with a doctor within the month preceding the survey, urination at night (in both sexes), history of stroke and visual deficit
(in men), and incompetence in toileting (in women).
A significant number of patients with TSMs appear visual deficits
. In recent articles, the optic canal involvement (OCI) was reported, the incidence of which ranges from 8% to 100%.[sup],,,, Sade and Lee reported that OCI is very common in TSM (77.4%), and it correlates well with preoperative visual status.[sup]
* Visual deficit
assessment was not possible in 42.8% cases because either patient was unconscious or belonged to pre-school age or was under the influence of alcohol.
Most common clinical presentation was laceration around the globe followed by periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage (Table 13).61% cases had no subjective visual deficit
due to trauma while 15% cases reported visual deficit
due to trauma (Table 14).Visual deficit assessment was not possible in 42.8% cases because either patient was unconscious or belonged to pre-school age or was under the influence of alcohol (Table 14).
Few studies have directly investigated the effect of the onset of a severe (but not complete) visual deficit
on cortical organization (Baker, Peli, Knouf, & Kanwisher, 2005; Smirnakis et al., 2005; Sunness, Liu, & Yantis, 2004).
(42) The implication of this adaptationist approach is that the nystagmus is tuned to the visual deficit
starting in infancy.
It follows that signs of dyslexia may be normal for more than half the population; the ability to adapt to and cope with this condition depending on the degree of visual deficit
and native wit.
(38) Slower reaction times and difficulty recognising changes in the height or depth of a step can, for example, lead to tripping and falling; such changes are likely to be compounded by the types of visual deficit
described previously in this article.
Aparna Raghuram, O.D., Ph.D., from Boston Children's Hospital, and colleagues examined the frequency of visual deficits
in children with DD versus a control group of TD readers in a prospective uncontrolled observational study.
The exclusion criteria were severe cognitive decline, and auditory or visual deficits
that could interfere with performance tasks.
* Visual deficits
in Alzheimer's disease and dementia
Studies have shown that a significant number of visual deficits
from stroke are undetected [4, 18].