Voluntary

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VOLUNTARY. Willingly; done with one's consent; negligently. Wolff, Sec. 5.
     2. To render an act criminal or tortious it must be voluntary. If a man, therefore, kill another without a will on his part, while engaged in the performance of a lawful act, and having taken proper care to prevent it, he is not guilty of any crime. And if he commit an injury to the person or property of another, he is not liable for damages, unless the act has been voluntary or through negligence, as when a collision takes place between two ships without any fault in either. 2 Dobs. R. 83 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 320, 414.
     3. When the crime or injury happens in the performance of an unlawful act, the party will be considered as having acted voluntarily.
     4. A negligent escape permitted by an officer having the custody of a prisoner will be presumed as voluntary; under a declaration or count charging the escape to have been voluntary, the party will, therefore, be allowed to give a negligent escape in evidence. 1 Saund. 35, n. 1. So Will.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
218, 224-26 (1973) (noting that the concept of voluntariness "has reflected an accommodation of the complex of values implicated in police questioning" and that the Court has assessed "the totality of all the surrounding circumstances" in making determinations as to whether a defendant's will was overborne); see also infra Section I.A.
The clinical research nurses provided information before scheduling informed consent meetings, used assessment skills to discern voluntariness, and were aware of and managed their own skills so patients were not persuaded to take part in RCTs.
Justice Frankfurter observed that a confession induced by either psychological or physical coercion "cannot stand." (23) Decided in 1961, Rogers was a pre-Miranda case, and its holding a product of the voluntariness test.
This study analyzes the moderate role of voluntariness on the relationship between how temporary workers perceive the organization's practices and their affective liaison toward such organization.
judicial myopia arises regarding any voluntariness issue, with courts
voluntariness rule as preventing the consideration of false confessions.
In all such cases subject's voluntariness may be compromised and he may consent to participate in the research out of the fear of consequences of not consenting.
Statements on return not only reaffirm states' power over displaced populations, but also make clear their continued focus on repatriation as the solution to displacement, so that 'voluntariness' becomes not a bulwark but a cynically employed smokescreen, paying lip service to long-ignored principles" (155).
Second, consider voluntariness. The law allows intoxicated people to consent to gamble, but not to get tattooed.
(72) Furthermore, the court noted that "[t]he voluntariness of the statement is a threshold requirement." (73) The prosecution bears the burden of demonstrating that the statement is admissible.
Libertarians have something to learn, too, such as viewing voluntariness as not just requiring "choice" but also "autonomy" on the part of the chooser.