(redirected from voluntary muscle)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to voluntary muscle: involuntary muscle

VOLUNTARY. Willingly; done with one's consent; negligently. Wolff, Sec. 5.
     2. To render an act criminal or tortious it must be voluntary. If a man, therefore, kill another without a will on his part, while engaged in the performance of a lawful act, and having taken proper care to prevent it, he is not guilty of any crime. And if he commit an injury to the person or property of another, he is not liable for damages, unless the act has been voluntary or through negligence, as when a collision takes place between two ships without any fault in either. 2 Dobs. R. 83 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 320, 414.
     3. When the crime or injury happens in the performance of an unlawful act, the party will be considered as having acted voluntarily.
     4. A negligent escape permitted by an officer having the custody of a prisoner will be presumed as voluntary; under a declaration or count charging the escape to have been voluntary, the party will, therefore, be allowed to give a negligent escape in evidence. 1 Saund. 35, n. 1. So Will.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Electromyographic findings of voluntary muscle contraction, recruitment of muscle units and spontaneous potentials were supportive in such pathological differentiation.
However, our observations on functionality, voluntary muscle activation, and CSA indicate that resistance training was able to affect the skeletal muscle.
monofilament testing, nerve palpation and voluntary muscle testing assessment have higher specificity, they have very low sensitivity for assessing peripheral nerve damage in leprosy.
(25) Why voluntary muscle force also declines with prolonged submaximal contractions is not clear.
His case presents a slow progression of the motor-neuron disease that affects voluntary muscle control.
Motor neurone disease involves a group of progressive disorders that destroy the cells that control voluntary muscle activity, including speaking, walking, breathing and swallowing.
These neurons are responsible for voluntary muscle activity.
ALS is a neurodegenerative disease that attacks the motor neurons of the brain and spinal cord that are responsible for voluntary muscle movement.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that attacks the motor neurons of the brain and spinal cord that are responsible for voluntary muscle movement leading to degeneration of the voluntary motor system.
Why athletes develop diarrhea is likely to be a complicated story involving stress and other emotional factors as well as reduced blood flow to the gastric mucosa during prolonged voluntary muscle activity, he noted.
The motor cortex controls voluntary muscle movements.

Full browser ?