war crime


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war crime

a concept of international law that denotes prohibited activities even during the carnage of war. It includes crimes against humanity, genocide and mistreatment of civilians and captured combatants. The problem has been that familiar in international law of enforcement. The high point of recognition was in the Nuremberg trials of German politicians, soldiers and others after the Second World War. In more recent times, the establishment of a war crimes tribunal, which has tried individuals during a state of conflict, has lent the concept a stronger core.

The statute of the International Criminal Court defines war crimes. It is directed to conduct which takes place in the context of and was associated with an international armed conflict where the perpetrator was aware of factual circumstances that established the existence of an armed conflict. The enumerated crimes are: the transfer, directly or indirectly, by the Occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies, or the deportation or transfer of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory; attacking protected objects; attacking undefended places; attacking personnel or objects involved in a humanitarian assistance or peacekeeping mission; attacking objects or persons using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; attacking civilians; attacking civilian objects; biological experiments; compelling service in hostile forces; compelling participation in military operations; cruel treatment; denying quarter; depriving the nationals of the hostile power of rights or actions; destroying or seizing the enemy's property; destruction and appropriation of property; employing prohibited bullets; employing prohibited gases, liquids, materials or devices; employing poison or poisoned weapons; enforced sterilization; enforced prostitution; excessive incidental death, injury, or damage; forced pregnancy; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the hostile party; improper use of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; improper use of a flag of truce; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the United Nations; inhuman treatment; killing or wounding a person hors de combat; medical or scientific experiments; murder; mutilation; outrages upon personal dignity; pillaging; rape; sentencing or execution without due process; sexual violence; sexual slavery; starvation as a method of warfare; taking hostages; torture; treacherously killing or wounding; unlawful deportation and transfer; unlawful confinement; using protected persons as shields; wilful killing; wilfully causing great suffering.

References in periodicals archive ?
Enough is enough, Israel defending its own population - a war crime is it?
MacArthur directed that evidence of these war crimes be collected, with the view toward prosecuting the offenders at the end of the war.
At the beginning of March, the Red Cross said the armed conflict started and we agreed with that, so we have to see if there were war crimes committed in those days.
42) However, both the ICTY and the ICTR do recognize JCE as a matter of customary international law, if charged in association with a completed war crime.
If it is referred to the International war crime tribunal, the Security Council can establish a special court to look into the accusations against it and whether it committed war crimes in the Gaza Strip, just like when a special tribunal was created for Lebanon, Cambodia, Rwanda, East Timor and others.
In this way, Nuremberg tells us that Nagasaki was not a war crime and that the Soviet invasion of Finland in 1941 was not aggression.
Pressed on whether he would like to see Blair on trial, he said: "I want to see all those that committed war crimes tried for it and those that made the decisions that went with it.
He made the remarks in a phone interview with the news agencywhen asked about the Obama administrationsopposition to the PAbid toprosecute Israel for war crimes.
His remarks came after the Palestinian Authority announced its determination to sue Israel at the International Criminal Court (ICC) for its war crimes against Palestinian civilians in its nearly one-month terror campaign on the Gaza Strip.
In last 28 days, there is clear evidence of war crimes committed by Israel amounting to crimes against humanity," Malki told reporters after meetings at the ICC.
Assistant Justice Minister Judge Taisir al-Samadi said the war waged on Syria necessitates documenting war crimes committed by Syria's enemies and prosecuting them, be they states, organizations, or individuals, and this includes anyone who funded, instigated, or spread takfiri mentality.
We want India to acknowledge the war crimes that have been committed in Sri Lanka, and we also want the international community to take notice of the genocide that has happened in Sri Lanka.