war crime

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war crime

a concept of international law that denotes prohibited activities even during the carnage of war. It includes crimes against humanity, genocide and mistreatment of civilians and captured combatants. The problem has been that familiar in international law of enforcement. The high point of recognition was in the Nuremberg trials of German politicians, soldiers and others after the Second World War. In more recent times, the establishment of a war crimes tribunal, which has tried individuals during a state of conflict, has lent the concept a stronger core.

The statute of the International Criminal Court defines war crimes. It is directed to conduct which takes place in the context of and was associated with an international armed conflict where the perpetrator was aware of factual circumstances that established the existence of an armed conflict. The enumerated crimes are: the transfer, directly or indirectly, by the Occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies, or the deportation or transfer of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory; attacking protected objects; attacking undefended places; attacking personnel or objects involved in a humanitarian assistance or peacekeeping mission; attacking objects or persons using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; attacking civilians; attacking civilian objects; biological experiments; compelling service in hostile forces; compelling participation in military operations; cruel treatment; denying quarter; depriving the nationals of the hostile power of rights or actions; destroying or seizing the enemy's property; destruction and appropriation of property; employing prohibited bullets; employing prohibited gases, liquids, materials or devices; employing poison or poisoned weapons; enforced sterilization; enforced prostitution; excessive incidental death, injury, or damage; forced pregnancy; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the hostile party; improper use of the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions; improper use of a flag of truce; improper use of a flag, insignia or uniform of the United Nations; inhuman treatment; killing or wounding a person hors de combat; medical or scientific experiments; murder; mutilation; outrages upon personal dignity; pillaging; rape; sentencing or execution without due process; sexual violence; sexual slavery; starvation as a method of warfare; taking hostages; torture; treacherously killing or wounding; unlawful deportation and transfer; unlawful confinement; using protected persons as shields; wilful killing; wilfully causing great suffering.

References in periodicals archive ?
Burmese War Criminal Claims There Are Others in Australia',
The leader of war criminals Golam Azam died in jail who was given 90 years of imprisonment instead of death sentence considering his old age.
This time he went even further by worshipping Class-A war criminals as a prime minister.
SOUNDBITE 3 Erich Priebke, Nazi war criminal (deceased) (Italian, 9 secs):
WAR criminal Mohamed Salim, 27, who has admitted killing "countless" civilians in Sudan, has been given asylum and lives Birmingham on PS160-a-month benefits in a rent-free semi.
explaining that if someone is an alleged war criminal, Canada is under an obligation to extradite or prosecute that person, and that Canada's deportation of such individuals opens the opportunity for them to be tortured).
Mr Green said 19 people identified by officials as war criminals have been thrown out of the UK in the last six months.
San Francisco should be ashamed to have a war criminal here.
It appeared that a few residents of the area knew that the inhabitant of residence #29 was the number two man, after Father Dubbya Bush, on the list of wanted war criminals.
Accordingly, the SLM - Unity emphasizes the following: - 1 / considered decision to transfer Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir as a war criminal is a real end to the system of state "Bosnian Serbs" posed by the ruling National Congress Party in Sudan.
Years afterward, he knows and recounts that he was literally a monster and a war criminal, driven virtually insane by his father and his childhood to the extent that dedicating his life to bloodshed and destruction in the American Army pleased him.