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ANIMAL, property. A name given to every animated being endowed with the power of voluntary motion. In law, it signifies all animals except those of the him, in species.
     2. Animals are distinguished into such as are domitae, and such as are ferae naturae.
     3. It is laid down, that in tame or domestic animals, such as horse, swine, sheep, poultry, and the like, a man may have an absolute property, because they continue perpetually in his possession and occupation, and will not stray from his house and person unless by accident or fraudulent enticement, in either of which cases the owner does not lose his property. 2 Bl. Com. 390; 2 Mod. 319. 1.
     4. But in animals ferae naturae, a man can have no absolute property; they belong to him only while they continue in his keeping or actual possession; for if at any they regain their natural liberty, his property instantly ceases, unless they have animum revertendi, which is only to be known by their usual habit of returning. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546; Bro. Ab. Propertie, 37; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 7 Co. 17 b; 1 Ch. Pr. 87; Inst. 2, 1, 15. See also 3 Caines' Rep. 175; Coop. Justin. 457, 458; 7 Johns. Rep. 16; Bro. Ab. Detinue, 44.
     5. The owner of a mischievous animal, known to him to be so, is responsible, when he permits him to go at large, for the damages he may do. 2 Esp. Cas. 482; 4 Campb. 198; 1 Starkie's Cas. 285; 1 Holt, 617; 2 Str.1264; Lord Raym. 110; B. N. P. 77; 1 B. & A. 620; 2 C. M.& R. 496; 5 C.& P. 1; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 187. This principle agrees with the civil law. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 2, t. 8, s. 2. And any person may justify the killing of such ferocious animals. 9 Johns. 233; 10. Johns. 365; 13 Johns. 312. The owner, of such an animal may be indicted for a common nuisance. 1 Russ. Ch. Cr. Law, 643; Burn's Just., Nuisance, 1.
     6. In Louisiana, the owner of an animal is answerable for the damage he may cause; but if the animal be lost, or has strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury; except where the master turns loose a dangerous or noxious animal; for then he must pay all the harm done, without being allowed to make the abandonment. Civ. Code, art. 2301. See Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
gondii can infect virtually all warm-blooded animals (Skariah et al., 2010), but domestic cats are the main hosts (CDC, 2016).
Researchers have known that lowering the core body temperature of warm-blooded animals, such as mice, by 0.9 degrees Fahrenheit can extend lifespan by 20 percent, but it hasn't been practical for humans to attempt to lower the core body temperature, Xu said.
Circadian rhythms in plants, simple organisms, and cold-blooded animals are very sensitive to temperature, so it makes sense that, over the course of evolution, this primordial mechanism could have been modified in warm-blooded animals? Takahashi posits.
Still, because of their sheer enormous size, sauropod dinosaurs would be expected to retain their body heat more efficiently than smaller warm-blooded animals, like humans, even if dinosaurs themselves were cold-blooded, Eagle said.
The bacterial indicators are commonly found in the intestines of warm-blooded animals. But while they are often detected in contaminated waterways, their abundance doesn't guarantee the presence of either pathogen, says Michael Jenkins, a microbiologist at the ARS center.
Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most common protozoan parasites of humans and warm-blooded animals. Members of the family Felidae are the only definitive hosts of this parasite and, thus, important in the epidemiology of the disease.
Rabies is a viral disease that causes acute encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain, in warm-blooded animals. It is zoonotic, or transmitted by animals, most commonly by a bite from an infected animal but occasionally by other forms of contact.
In contrast, bacteria in the Bacteroidales family grow only in the intestines of warm-blooded animals, with different species targeting different animals.
The legalisation of tearing warm-blooded animals to pieces for the edification of tally-ho toffs - making flesh of Oscar Wilde's description of such barbarism, the unspeakable in hot pursuit of the uneatable.
Escherichia coli - named after the German bacteriologist who discovered it - is a bacterium that occurs naturally in the gut of humans and a number of warm-blooded animals, particularly cattle.
Prof Bentley said whales are warm-blooded animals and can endure North Sea temperatures, and said it is possible they are swimming in waters further North as sea temperatures rise.
Bovine TB facts Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a serious bacterial disease of warm-blooded animals. TB can affect all farmed animals such as pigs, sheep and wildlife including badgers and deer.