# Weight

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Related to weights: Weights and measures

WEIGHT. A quality in natural bodies, by which they tend towards the centre of the earth.
2. Under the article Measure, (q.v.) it is said that by the constitution congress possesses the power "to fix the standard of weights and measures," and that this power has not been exercised.
3. The weights now generally used in the United States, are the same as those of England; they are of two kinds:

```                 1. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
1st. Used in almost all commercial transactions, and in the common
dealings of life.
27 1/3 1/2 grains  =    1 dram
16 drams           =    1 ounce
16 ounces          =    1 pound, (lb.)
28 pounds          =    1 quarter, (qr.)
4 quarters         =    1 hundred weight, (cwt.)
20 hundred weight  =    1 ton.

2d. Used for meat and fish.
8 pounds           =    1 stone

3d. Used in the wool trade.
Cwt. qr.  lb.
7 pounds           =    1 clove 14 pounds           =    1 stone  =   0
0   14
2 stones           =    1 tod    =   0    1    0
6 1/2 tods         =    1 wey    =   1    2   14
2 weys             =    1 sack   =   3    1    0 12 sacks            =    1
last   =  39    0    0

4th. Used for butter and cheese.
8 pounds           =    1 clove
56 pounds          =    1 firkin.

2. TROY WEIGHT.
24 grams           =    1 pennyweight
20 pennyweights    =    1 ounce
12 ounces          =    1 pound.
```

4. These are the denominations of troy weight, when used for weighing gold, silver and precious stones, except diamonds. Troy weight is also used by apothecaries in compounding medicines; and by them the ounce is divided into eight drams, and the drain into three scruples, so that the latter is equal to twenty grains. For scientific purposes, the grain only is used, and sets of weights are constructed in decimal progression, from 10,000 grains downward to one-hundredth of a grain. The caret, used for weighing diamonds, is three and one-sixth grains.
5. A short account of the French weights and measures is given under the article Measure.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Higher variability in weekly weights during the first 6 and 12 weeks of treatment predicted poorer subsequent weight loss 1 and 2 years after treatment initiation,"&nbsp;the (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/oby.21925/full) study concluded.
During the Middle Ages, the various pound weights developed in Britain - and at one time, confusingly, there were six different ones - were based on the weight of a grain of wheat.
In non-amateur Flat handicaps, if the lowest weight is more than 9-it will be lowered to 9-2 and all other weights lowered by the same amount.
A comparison of the actual and ideal weights of each respondent in the November 2007 poll confirms the obvious: The majority of Americans acknowledge that they should ideally weigh less than they currently weigh.
For critical low-volume materials, controls can be set to Precision Additive mode, which gives priority to the weight of that minor component and achieves accuracy to [+ or -] 0.1% of setpoint.
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Vegetarians tend to have lower body weights than nonvegetarians.
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Again, we prefer lighter weights and higher reps with this movement.
[u.sub.f] is the standard uncertainty associated with the applied force, due to uncertainties in the mass calibration and adjustment of the dead weights and to uncertainties in the air density and the acceleration of gravity.
Molecular weight is an important component of quality, with high molecular weights being required for high performance rubber products.
Distance runners who want to tone up, increase power and explosiveness, or alleviate impact force on joints are encouraged to weight train, usually in higher repetitions with lower weights than their strictly body-building friends.

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