Wergild


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WERGILD, or WEREGILD, old Eng. law. The price which in a barbarous age, a person guilty of homicide or other enormous offence was required to pay, instead of receiving other punishment. 4 Bl. Com. 188. See, for the etymology of this word, and a tariff which was paid for the murder of the different classes of men, Guizot, Essais sur l'Histoire de France, Essai 4eme, c. 2, Sec. 2.

References in periodicals archive ?
- Al - diyah and Al - aqila (wergild or blood money to rescue an accused involved in accidental killing).
The first Constitution in Medina (622 CE) arranged by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) contained three aspects directly related to risk protection: social insurance for the Jews, Ansar and Christians; Article 3 concerning 'wergild or 'blood money'; and provision for Fidyah (ransom) and 'aaqila.
aeblaece 'lustreless', aegilde 'receiving no wergild as compensation', aelaete 2 'desert'
For example, the Anglo-Saxon legal code substituted payment of wergild, which is defined as a value for person or property.
(1) acoeglod 'studded with pegs; locked with a key', agimmed 'set with precious stones', anhyrned 'having one horn', oehtboren 'born in bondage', feowertynenihte 'fourteen nights old', gesperod 'armed with a spear', mylenscearp 'sharpened on a grindstone', symbelwlonc 'elated with feasting', toefle 'given to dice-playing', twihynde 1 'having wergild of 200 shillings'.
(6) If the wrongdoer killed another man, he was bound to pay the man's family a certain price, which was his wergild, or "man-payment," based upon the deceased's social rank.
Historically-minded writers from Innes (1913) to Miller (2008) have argued that systems of credit and debt evolved out of the elaborate North German wergild system which used 'fines' and 'debt' to adjudicate tribal blood feuds.