lesion

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Related to white spot lesion: tooth decay, incipient decay, Carious lesion

lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gopikrishna, "Prevalence of white spot lesion in a section of Indian population undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment: an in vivo assessment using the visual International Caries Detection and Assessment System II criteria," Journal of Conservative Dentistry, vol.
Swain, "Correlation of mineral density and elastic modulus of natural enamel white spot lesions using X-ray microtomography and nanoindentation," Acta Biomaterialia, vol.
A study group of randomly selected 100 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances were examined for the presence of white spot lesions on banded molars.
These carious areas lose their translucency because of the extensive subsurface demineralization and become white spot lesions. If this demineralization process is not stopped, the intact enamel surface eventually collapses and cavitates.
This article will describe a revolutionary new approach to the cosmetic treatment of white spot lesions (Fig.3 & 4).
Prevalence of white spot lesions during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances Angle Orthod 2011; 2: 206-10.
Meyer-Lueckel, "Masking of labial enamel white spot lesions by resin infiltration--a clinical report," Quintessence International, vol.
Development of white spot lesions during orthodontic treatment: perceptions of patients, parents, orthodontists, and general dentists.
Only 42% (n=90) of dental hygienists identified white spot lesions as incipient caries in enamel, and 60% (n=131) recognized chlorhexidine (CHX) (Peridex; 3M ESPE, Minneapolis, Minn.) as not being bacteriostatic or bacteriocidal to all caries pathogens (Table I).
Higher values of reliability and a viable differentiation between the presence of white spot lesions and that of cavitations were found.
This condition is clinically seen as white spot lesions and cavitations in the most severe cases.