(redirected from witenagemot)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


An Anglo-Saxon term that meant wise men, persons learned in the law; in particular, the king's advisers or members of his council.

In England, between the sixth and tenth centuries, a person who advised an Anglo-Saxon king was called a witan, or wise man. A witan's basic duty was to respond when the king asked for advice on specific issues. A witan gave his advice in the Witenagemote, or assembly of wise men. This assembly was the forerunner of the English Parliament.

The Witenagemote was the great council of the Anglo-Saxons in England, comprising the aristocrats of the kingdom, along with bishops and other high ecclesiastical leaders. This council advised and aided the king in the general administration of government. The Witenagemote attested to the king's grants of land to churches or laypersons and consented to his proclamation of new laws or new statements of ancient customs. The council also assisted the king in dealing with rebels and persons suspected of disloyalty. The king determined both the composition of the council and its meeting times.

The Witenagemote generally met in the open air in or near some city or town. Members were notified by public notice or particular summons issued by the king's select council. When the throne was vacant, the body also met without notice to elect a new king.

After the Norman Conquest in 1066, the council was called the commune concillium, or common council of the realm. This was transformed into the Curia Regis, or King's Council, and by the late thirteenth century, it was called Parliament. The character of the institution also changed during this period. It became a court of last resort, especially for determining disputes between the king and his nobles and, ultimately, from all inferior tribunals.


English Law.

References in periodicals archive ?
The discussion of the witenagemot, which Liemer describes as "an important legal and political institution of Anglo-Saxon Society" (19) and upon which the Wizengamot is based, is interesting, but most of the discussion of the wizard trials in the books simply rehashes what readers already know.
Winchcombe is also known to have hosted in 941 a witenagemot or King's council - a bit like Chief Warlock Dumbledore's Wizenga-mot in Harry Potter, but more advisory than a high court.
In the mid-80s, Tanton circulated a series of memos among his inner circle known as the Witan memos, Witan being an abbreviation for the old English term Witenagemot, or Council of Wise Men.