without monetary reward

See: gratis
References in periodicals archive ?
I'm sure all awards are well deserved and recognition for a lifetime of effort, more often than not without monetary reward.
When you serve at the volunteer level, you learn to motivate people even without monetary rewards.
Plott and Smith |1978, 142~ report results in which marginal trades occur far more frequently with commission incentives than without; Fiorina and Plott |1978~ report committee decisions in which both mean deviations from theoretical predictions and standard errors are reduced by escalating reward levels; Grether |1981~ reports individual decision making experiments in which the incidence of "confused" behavior is reduced with monetary rewards, but subjects who appear not to be confused behave about the same with or without monetary rewards.