wife

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wife

a married woman.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

WIFE, domestic relations. A woman who has a husband.
     2. A wife, as such, possesses rights and is liable to obligations. These will be considered. 1st. She may make contracts for the purchase of real estate for her own benefit, unless her husband expressly dissents. 6 Binn. R. 427. And she is entitled to a legacy directly given to her for her separate use. 6 Serg. & Rawle, R. 467. In some places, by statutory provision, she may act as a feme sole trader, and as such acquire personal property. 2 Serg. & Rawle, R. 289.
     3. 2d. She may in Pennsylvania, and in most other states, convey her interest in her own or her husband's lands by deed acknowledged in a form prescribed by law. 8 Dowl. R. 630.
     4.-3d. She is under obligation to love, honor and obey her husband and is bound to follow him wherever he may desire to establish himself: 5 N. S. 60; (it is presumed not out of the boundaries of the United States,) unless the husband, by acts of injustice and such as are contrary to his marital duties, renders her life or happiness insecure.
     5.-4th. She is not liable for any obligations she enters into to pay money on any contract she makes, while she lives with her husband; she is presumed in such case to act as the agent of her husband. Chitty, Contr. 43
     6.-5th. The incapacities of femes covert, apply to their civil rights, and are intended for their protection and interest. Their political rights stand upon different grounds, they can, therefore, acquire and lose a national character. These rights stand upon the general principles of the law of nations. Harp. Eq. R. 5 3 Pet. R. 242.
     7.-6th. A wife, like all other persons, when she acts with freedom, may be punished for her criminal acts. But the law presumes, when she commits in his presence a crime, not malum in se, as murder or treason, that she acts by the command and coercion of her husband, and, upon this ground, she is exempted from punishment. Rose. on Cr. Ev. 785. But this is only a presumption of law, and if it appears, upon the evidence, that she did not in fact commit the act under compulsion, but was herself a principal actor and inciter in it, she may be punished. 1 Hale, P. C. 516; 1 Russ. on Cr. 16, 20. Vide Contract; Divorce; Husband; Incapacity; Marriage; Necessaries; Parties to actions; Parties to contracts; Women and, generally, Bouv. Inst. Index,

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
These are not the only cases where the wives were in the process of formalizing their separations.
(6) For Anglican Bishop John Robinson, that verse provided the "decisive" evidence: "If Jesus, like his brothers, had been known to have been married, it is inconceivable that Paul would not have appealed to the fact." (7) However, a conceivable reason why he did not mention Jesus along with the others who traveled with their wives is that he was describing the current practice of persons engaged in mission activity decades after Jesus' death.
However, in men whose wives had been hospitalized for most forms of cancer, mortality rates were close to the 5.6 percent death rate measured among men whose wives hadn't been hospitalized.
The other hidden cost for soldiers and their families "is a demand that they surrender self-determination to the institution." Handbooks for military wives suggest that they should not complain to husbands overseas because it is their responsibility to help strengthen their spouses' morale.
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In the past few years, calls to the network have doubled, she says, including an increasing number of straight men whose wives have come out as lesbian.
It has been deemed that the players' wives are important, too.
And modern wives don't stand for troublesome in-laws, see ironing as hateful and one in 10 hires domestic help.
Want to see The Stepford Wives for free and win the ultimate perfect wives kit?
I would like to know, can a man have sex with two or more of his wives in one room?
A row of red lanterns is lit outside the home of one of the master's wives every night, to designate which wife the master is honoring with his presence.
The village family ensures, in most cases, a dwelling for its male members close to the family-of-origin home, which helps to control the behavior of the sons and their wives. Adults remain under the strict observation of the family of origin and the close social group and therefore cannot behave independently or enjoy freedom.