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An assumption or theory.

During a criminal trial, a hypothesis is a theory set forth by either the prosecution or the defense for the purpose of explaining the facts in evidence. It also serves to set up a ground for an inference of guilt or innocence, or a showing of the most probable motive for a criminal offense.


noun assertion, assignment of cause, assumption, conclusion drawn from accepted truths, conjecture, deduction, guess, inference, postulate, postulation, speculation, suggestion, supposal, surmise, tentative explanation, tentative law, theory, thesis, unproved theory
See also: assumption, basis, belief, conclusion, conjecture, deduction, generalization, idea, inference, opinion, postulate, presumption, prolepsis, proposition, speculation, supposition, theory, thesis
References in periodicals archive ?
Our working hypothesis is that neuroradiology is the best segment to approach since spectral imaging capabilities are likely to help determine the vulnerability of carotid plaques to rupture (and cause stroke) and also for brain profusion measurements where any residual blood flow is essential in determining the correct treatment scheme after a stroke.
The feasibility assessment of Phase 1 will help us to validate our working hypothesis regarding technical, commercial, financial and legal issues.
Its working hypothesis says that the theoretical framework developed by Habermasian cognitive sociology can illuminate the (communicatively) rational dimension of actual processes of ideational change, paving the way for a more realistic, yet normatively informed, perspective on public deliberation.
As a working hypothesis to be tested, one can consider that the main three perceived needs across the board are security, health care and education, and that the strongest variances concern food and shelter.
Because haploids are much less fit than heterozygous diploids, our working hypothesis is that changes in ploidy, including whole genome ploidy and aneuploidy, occur frequently under drug stress and that they make major contributions to the rapid appearance of genotypic and phenotypic diversity, in part by promoting persistence.
According to Dixon, the working hypothesis for how stem cells exert their regenerative effects was wrong because transplanted stem cells don't stick around long in the recipient's body to replace damaged cells.
Preliminary evidence suggests that ATRX plays a role in DNA replication and our working hypothesis is that these repeats and the structures they form inhibit the progress of the replication fork, a DNA damage response is triggered and as a consequence of this the expression of nearby genes is perturbed.
DCI Pack added: "The working hypothesis is we have someone targeting members of the hook-up community who have been found stupefied or dead with property missing from their homes.
"This substance does not cause all Type-2 diabetes, but our working hypothesis is that there are sub-populations of patients who might benefit from changing their diet or altering their gut microbiota to reduce the levels of imidazole propionate," said Fredrik Backhed, Professor at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.
"This substance does not cause all type 2 diabetes, but our working hypothesis is that there are subpopulations of patients who might benefit from changing their diet or altering their gut microbiota to reduce the levels of imidazole propionate," said Fredrik Backhed, Professor of Molecular Medicine with a research focus on the role of gut microbiota in metabolism.
For every crime you need a theory and a motive and sometimes the two merge into a working hypothesis. My working hypothesis for what happened is based on the spat between King Henry II and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, in 1170 when the king was so annoyed with the archbishop he said within earshot of his entourage, 'will not someone rid me of this turbulent priest?' He did not mean to have Becket murdered but his overzealous knights thought he did and murdered the archbishop in Canterbury Cathedral.
Chief Supt Chaudry, of Greater Manchester Police, added: "Our working hypothesis is it's probably a shotgun discharge.