working time


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working time

in the law of the EU as applied by Member States, any period during which the worker is working, at the employer's disposal and carrying out his activities or duties, in accordance with national laws and practices. The average working time for each seven-day period, including overtime, generally must not exceed 48 hours. The UK government managed to secure an opt-out provision by which for the first seven years of the directive coming into force, workers can voluntarily continue to work more than 48 hours a week but not under compulsion. The directive requires that every worker is entitled to a minimum daily rest period of 11 consecutive hours per 24-hour period (Article 3). The directive also requires that Member States take the measures necessary to ensure that per each seven-day period, every worker is entitled to a minimum uninterrupted rest period of 24 hours plus the 11 hours' daily rest. A rest period is any period that is not working time, e.g. the lunch hour. Workers are generally entitled to four weeks' annual leave and at least a week of it in one block. The employer can decide, subject to detailed rules, when the leave can be taken. If a worker is required to work for more than six hours at a stretch, he or she is entitled to a rest break of 20 minutes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Working time was calculated as 95% of the full trace recorded and setting time was calculated when the trace became parallel (Fig 1e).
The UK made submissions to the ECJ that including travel time as working time would increase costs.
The ECJ said its judgement was about protecting the "health and safety" of workers as set out in the European Union's Working Time Directive, which is designed to protect workers from exploitation.
It is important to note that the decision impacts on working time for the purposes of the Working Time Regulations 1998.
uk stated that time spent travelling for work, such as travelling sales reps or 24-hour plumbers, is working time but that normal travel to and from work is not.
The research has been determined the optimal structure of a daily working time for a top manager, using math games theory and taking in consideration the Mintzberg model.
But the new system proposes changing the current Working Time Directive rules, so that "inactive on-call" time no longer counts as part of normal working hours.
Using Australian industry-level data on weekly hours of work and frequency of new workers' compensation claims for work-related accidents over the 1990s, we examine the relationship between working time and work-related injuries is examined.
WORKING TIME AND WORKER PREFERENCES IN INDUSTRIALISED COUNTRIES: FINDING THE BALANCE J.
Union Amicus has launched a legal challenge against easyJet asking for fairer rules over working time and pay.
From March 2005 transport managers will be faced with the challenge of planning Working Time Directive (WTD) compliant transport schedules, at the same time minimising the associated extra costs that have been widely predicted for the transport industry.
The action also covers ``undeclared'' working time which unions claim has led to millions of employees having to take work home.

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