wreck

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wreck

in maritime law, goods cast ashore from a wrecked vessel.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

WRECK, mar. law. A wreck (called in law Latin, wreccum maris, and in law French, wrec de mer,) signifies such goods, as after a shipwreck, are cast upon land by the sea, and left there within some county, so as not to belong to the jurisdiction of the admiralty, but to the common law. 2 Inst. 167; Bract. 1. 3, c. 3; Mirror, c. 1, s. 13, and c. 3.
     2. The term `wreck of the sea' includes, 1. Goods found at low water, between high and low water mark; and 2. Goods between the same limits, partly resting on the ground, but still moved by the water. 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 257.
     3. When goods have touched the ground, and have again been floated by the tide, and are within low water mark; whether they are to be considered wreck will depend upon the circumstances whether they were, seized by a person wading, or swimming, or in a boat. 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 294. But if a human being, or even an animal, as a dog, cat, hawk, &c. escape alive from the ship, or if there be any marks upon the goods by which they may be known again, they are not, at common law, considered as wrecked. 5 Burr. 2738-9; 2 Chit. Com. Law, c. 6, p. 102; 2 Kent, Com. 292; 22 Vin. Ab. 535; 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 238; Park, Ins. Index, h.t.; Molloy, Jur. Mar. Index, h.t.
     4. The act of congress of March 1, 1823, provides, Sec. 21, That, before any goods, wares or merchandise, which may be taken from any wreck, shall be admitted to an entry, the same shall be appraised in the manner prescribed in the sixteenth section of this act and the same proceedings shall be ordered and executed in all cases where a reduction of duties shall be claimed on account of damage which any goods, wares, or merchandise, shall have sustained in the course of the voyage and in all cases where the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, shall be dissatisfied with such appraisement, he shall be entitled to the privileges provided in the eighteenth section of this act. Vide Naufrage.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
agency, as reported by CNA, did not includes details of the wreckage nor speculate on what may have happened.
Sala's body was recovered from the wreckage of the Piper Malibu N264DB aircraft in February, shortly after the plane was located by a search team close to where it disappeared off radar around 13 nautical miles north of Guernsey on January 21.
The work on clearing wreckage is underway by the administration in the affected area.
After an extensive search for eight days, the IAF managed to locate the wreckage 16 kms North of Lipo, North East of Tato at an altitude of 12,000 feet.
A few seconds later, he added, the driver climbed from the wreckage and ran past him, 'not even looking back'.
The Air Accident Investigation Branch confirmed the news late on Wednesday night but revealed the mission to raise the wreckage of the plane has been aborted due to bad weather conditions.
The wreckage was found on Sunday following a privately-funded underwater search.
A BODY has been pulled from the wreckage of the plane carrying Cardiff City footballer Emiliano Sala and pilot David Ibbotson, it was confirmed last night.
A body has been recovered from the wreckage of a plane which crashed into the English Channel with Cardiff City striker Emiliano Sala on board.
A BODY is visible in seabed video footage of the wreckage of the plane which crashed in the English Channel with Cardiff footballer Emiliano Sala on board.
The wreckage of the plane which was carrying the missing footballerwas found in the English Channelon Sunday morning after almost two weeks.