# Yield

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## Yield

Current return from an investment or expenditure as a percentage of the price of investment or expenditure.

The term yield is the proportionate rate that income from an investment bears to the total cost of the investment. For example, a ten dollar profit on a one hundred dollar investment represents a 10 percent yield. Thus, a yield for stock dividends or bond interest paid will be expressed as a percentage of the current price. A yield can also refer to the bond coupon or stock dividend rate divided by the purchase price.

There are several specific types of yields. On bonds, a current yield is the annual interest paid divided by the current market price of the bond. As interest rates fall, the market price of the bond rises; as they rise, bond prices fall. The current yield reflects the actual rate of return on a bond. For example, a 9.5 percent bond with a face value of \$1,000 yields \$95 per year. If this bond is purchased in the secondary bond market for \$1,100, the interest will still be \$95 a year, but the current yield will be reduced to 8.6 percent because the new owner paid more for the bond.

A nominal yield is the annual income received from a fixed-income security divided by the face value of the security. It is stated as a percentage figure. For example, if a security with a face value of \$5,000 generated \$500 in income, the nominal yield would be 10 percent.

On bonds, a yield to maturity is a complex calculation that reflects the overall rate of return an investor would receive from a bond if the bond is held to maturity and the interest payments are reinvested at the same rate. It takes into account the purchase price, the coupon yield, the time to maturity, and the time between interest payments.

A net yield is the rate of return on an investment after deducting all costs, losses, and charges for investment. A dividend yield is the current annual dividend divided by the market price per share of stock. A yield spread refers to differences in yields between various issues of Securities.

References in periodicals archive ?
With grid pricing, the base price is typically determined based on a Choice Yield Grade 3 (Choice Y3) carcass with other quality and yield grades priced at premiums and discounts to this base price.
There was no effect (p = 0.11) of the yield grade on the sarcomere length, but numerical increases of 0.88 and 1.01 were observed for 3-6 mm and 6.1-10 BFT, respectively.
MacNeil says, "There is no single trait that ensures a bull's offspring will be highly profitable." For example, the marbling rankings of the top five bulls overall range from 1 to 334, and their rankings for yield grade range from 1 to 50.
Serving as the baseline for future audits, this audit found genetic changes to the cattle population, combined with management changes, produced carcass with lower yield grades, less subcutaneous fat, larger ribeye areas, and greater hot carcass weights.
In the Hanwoo carcass grading system, the frequency rate of yield grade A decreased from 43% in 2003 to 26.1% in 2015 [7], whereas the production rate of high marbled cattle increased (Figure 11).
In carcass yield traits, most indicators including carcass weight, yield grade, and back fat thickness except rib-eye area were not affected by dietary feeding system.
Influence of supplementation level of kaolinite clay on carcass characteristics of Holstein steers Kaolinite level (% diet DM) 0 1 2 SEM Pen replicates 6 6 6 Hot carcass weight (kg) 356.25 360.8 358.8 3.0 Dressing percentage 62.1 61.8 61.4 0.2 Longissimus area ([cm.sup.2]) 77.6 80.4 79.9 2.8 Fat thickness (cm) 0.76 0.89 0.82 0.04 KPH (%) 2.43 2.39 2.45 0.05 Yield grade (%) (1) 51.8 52.1 52.0 0.3 Quality grade (2) 4.93 5.08 4.73 0.22 Contrast p-value Linear Quadratic Pen replicates Hot carcass weight (kg) 0.56 0.39 Dressing percentage 0.01 0.90 Longissimus area ([cm.sup.2]) 0.56 0.64 Fat thickness (cm) 0.35 0.07 KPH (%) 0.77 0.45 Yield grade (%) (1) 0.64 0.72 Quality grade (2) 0.52 0.37 DM, dry matter; SEM, standard error of the mean; KPH, kidney, pelvic and heart fat; LM, lgissimus.
Dual-component video image analysis system (VIASCAN) as a predictor of beef carcass red meat yield percentage and for augmenting application of USDA yield grades. J.
Furthermore, the means of the yield index and yield grade (66.78 and 1.78, respectively) indicated second level (B) grades.
Bulls also had significantly (p<0.05) lower marbling scores, quality grade, and better yield grade. Our result was mostly in consistent with the effect of castration on meat quality in Korean cattle reported in a previous study (Jeong et al., 2013).

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