# Yield

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## Yield

Current return from an investment or expenditure as a percentage of the price of investment or expenditure.

The term yield is the proportionate rate that income from an investment bears to the total cost of the investment. For example, a ten dollar profit on a one hundred dollar investment represents a 10 percent yield. Thus, a yield for stock dividends or bond interest paid will be expressed as a percentage of the current price. A yield can also refer to the bond coupon or stock dividend rate divided by the purchase price.

There are several specific types of yields. On bonds, a current yield is the annual interest paid divided by the current market price of the bond. As interest rates fall, the market price of the bond rises; as they rise, bond prices fall. The current yield reflects the actual rate of return on a bond. For example, a 9.5 percent bond with a face value of \$1,000 yields \$95 per year. If this bond is purchased in the secondary bond market for \$1,100, the interest will still be \$95 a year, but the current yield will be reduced to 8.6 percent because the new owner paid more for the bond.

A nominal yield is the annual income received from a fixed-income security divided by the face value of the security. It is stated as a percentage figure. For example, if a security with a face value of \$5,000 generated \$500 in income, the nominal yield would be 10 percent.

On bonds, a yield to maturity is a complex calculation that reflects the overall rate of return an investor would receive from a bond if the bond is held to maturity and the interest payments are reinvested at the same rate. It takes into account the purchase price, the coupon yield, the time to maturity, and the time between interest payments.

A net yield is the rate of return on an investment after deducting all costs, losses, and charges for investment. A dividend yield is the current annual dividend divided by the market price per share of stock. A yield spread refers to differences in yields between various issues of Securities.

References in periodicals archive ?
Wells was the highest yielder (10.93 Mg [ha.sup.-1]) at the highest yielding environment (Beaumont in 2002), while Cocodrie was the highest yielder (8.13 Mg [ha.sup.-1]) at the lowest yielding environment (Ganado in 2000).
Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia were the high yielders. The Philippines was last.
So surgical affections of teat are of economic importance in cow especially in high yielders. Surgical interventions on the teat is best performed during the first twelve hours following injury.
A polygon drawn in the biplot (Figure 2) by joining the genotypes located farthest from the biplot origin encompassing all other genotypes facilitates identification of the genotypes that are high yielders in specific environments (Yan et al.
A recent change has been the all-yearround housing of high yielders to ensure they are in prime condition to conceive.
And when bond yields are spiralling out of control across the Euro zone periphery, EURUSD drags lower, taking with it equities, commodities and other higher yielders. Along with bond yields, the key fundamental driver for the market is easing from the ECB and/or from the Fed.
In helping to underpin the "high yielders" in debt markets, this latest development should also help push the risk trade into equity markets.
High yielders are fed at M plus 22 litres, medium yielders at M plus 18 litres and low yielders at M plus 16 litres.
Analysts forecast portfolios are likely to include only ten per cent worth of higher yielders, including OLOs.
To encourage the use of the method in the Philippines, SRI Pilipinas is holding a contest that would reward the highest yielders among farmers who use SRI.
As more central banks around the world ease monetary policy at the same time as the US Federal Reserve maps out a strategy to exit from monetary stimulus, the balance that has existed between global high yielders and global low yielders over the last few months is changing.

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